Author Topic: T.ED Terrain Creator Wie Terrain laden?  (Read 3844 times)


  • Guest
T.ED Terrain Creator Wie Terrain laden?
« Reply #15 on: 2007-Nov-07 »
aber herlich gesagt, am besten wäre schon .3ds weil man da von überall her rein kommt.

oder eben beides, das wäre perfekt.

Code: (glbasic) [Select]
*                             Blitz3d file format V0.01                            *

This document and the information contained within is placed in the Public Domain.

Please visit for the latest version of this document.

Please contact for more information and general inquiries.

*                                   Introduction                                   *

The Blitz3D file format specifies a format for storing texture, brush and entity descriptions for
use with the Blitz3D programming language.

The rationale behind the creation of this format is to allow for the generation of much richer and
more complex Blitz3D scenes than is possible using established file formats - many of which do not
support key features of Blitz3D, and all of which miss out on at least some features!

A Blitz3D (.b3d) file is split up into a sequence of 'chunks', each of which can contain data
and/or other chunks.

Each chunk is preceded by an eight byte header:

char tag[4] ;4 byte chunk 'tag'
int length ;4 byte chunk length (not including *this* header!)

If a chunk contains both data and other chunks, the data always appears first and is of a fixed

A file parser should ignore unrecognized chunks.

Blitz3D files are stored little endian (intel) style.

Many aspects of the file format are not quite a 'perfect fit' for the way Blitz3D works. This has
been done mainly to keep the file format simple, and to make life easier for the authors of third
party importers/exporters.

*                                   Chunk Types                                    *

This lists the types of chunks that can appear in a b3d file, and the data they contain.

Color values are always in the range 0 to 1.

string (char[]) values are 'C' style null terminated strings.

Quaternions are used to specify general orientations. The first value is the quaternion 'w' value,
the next 3 are the quaternion 'vector'. A 'null' rotation should be specified as 1,0,0,0.

Anything that is referenced 'by index' always appears EARLIER in the file than anything that
references it.

brush_id references can be -1: no brush.

In the following descriptions, {} is used to signify 'repeating until end of chunk'. Also, a chunk
name enclosed in '[]' signifies the chunk is optional.

Here we go!

  int version                 ;file format version: default=1
  [TEXS]                      ;optional textures chunk
  [BRUS]                      ;optional brushes chunk
  [NODE]                      ;optional node chunk

The BB3D chunk appears first in a b3d file, and its length contains the rest of the file.

Version is in major*100+minor format. To check the version, just divide by 100 and compare it with
the major version your software supports, eg:

if file_version/100>my_version/100
   RuntimeError "Can't handle this file version!"

if file_version Mod 100>my_version Mod 100
   ;file is a more recent version, but should still be backwardly compatbile with what we can

char file[]                 ;texture file name
  int flags,blend             ;blitz3D TextureFLags and TextureBlend: default=1,2
float x_pos,y_pos           ;x and y position of texture: default=0,0
float x_scale,y_scale       ;x and y scale of texture: default=1,1
float rotation              ;rotation of texture (in radians): default=0

The TEXS chunk contains a list of all textures used in the file.

The flags field value can conditional an additional flag value of '65536'. This is used to indicate that the texture uses secondary UV values, ala the TextureCoords command. Yes, I forgot about this one.

  int n_texs
  char name[]                 ;eg "WATER" - just use texture name by default
  float red,green,blue,alpha  ;Blitz3D Brushcolor and Brushalpha: default=1,1,1,1
  float shininess             ;Blitz3D BrushShininess: default=0
  int blend,fx                ;Blitz3D Brushblend and BrushFX: default=1,0
  int texture_id[n_texs]      ;textures used in brush

The BRUS chunk contains a list of all brushes used in the file.

  int flags                   ;1=normal values present, 2=rgba values present
  int tex_coord_sets          ;texture coords per vertex (eg: 1 for simple U/V) max=8
  int tex_coord_set_size      ;components per set (eg: 2 for simple U/V) max=4
  float x,y,z                 ;always present
  float nx,ny,nz              ;vertex normal: present if (flags&1)
  float red,green,blue,alpha  ;vertex color: present if (flags&2)
  float tex_coords[tex_coord_sets][tex_coord_set_size] ;tex coords

The VRTS chunk contains a list of vertices. The 'flags' value is used to indicate how much extra
data (normal/color) is stored with each vertex, and the tex_coord_sets and tex_coord_set_size
values describe texture coordinate information stored with each vertex.

  int brush_id                ;brush applied to these TRIs: default=-1
  int vertex_id[3]            ;vertex indices

The TRIS chunk contains a list of triangles that all share a common brush.

  int brush_id                ;'master' brush: default=-1
  VRTS                        ;vertices
  TRIS[,TRIS...]              ;1 or more sets of triangles

The MESH chunk describes a mesh. A mesh only has one VRTS chunk, but potentially many TRIS chunks.

  int vertex_id               ;vertex affected by this bone
  float weight                ;how much the vertex is affected

The BONE chunk describes a bone. Weights are applied to the mesh described in the enclosing ANIM -
in 99% of cases, this will simply be the MESH contained in the root NODE chunk.

  int flags                ;1=position, 2=scale, 4=rotation
  int frame                   ;where key occurs
  float position[3]           ;present if (flags&1)
  float scale[3]              ;present if (flags&2)
  float rotation[4]           ;present if (flags&4)

The KEYS chunk is a list of animation keys. The 'flags' value describes what kind of animation
info is stored in the chunk - position, scale, rotation, or any combination of.

  int flags                   ;unused: default=0
  int frames                  ;how many frames in anim
  float fps                   ;default=60

The ANIM chunk describes an animation.

  char name[]                 ;name of node
  float position[3]           ;local...
  float scale[3]              ;coord...
  float rotation[4]           ;system...
  [MESH|BONE]                 ;what 'kind' of node this is - if unrecognized, just use a Blitz3D
  [KEYS[,KEYS...]]            ;optional animation keys
  [NODE[,NODE...]]            ;optional child nodes
  [ANIM]                      ;optional animation

The NODE chunk describes a Blitz3D Entity. The scene hierarchy is expressed by the nesting of NODE

NODE kinds are currently mutually exclusive - ie: a node can be a MESH, or a BONE, but not both!
However, it can be neither...if no kind is specified, the node is just a 'null' node - in Blitz3D
speak, a pivot.

The presence of an ANIM chunk in a NODE indicates that an animation starts here in the hierarchy.
This allows animations of differing speeds/lengths to be potentially nested.

There are many more 'kind' chunks coming, including camera, light, sprite, plane etc. For now, the
use of a Pivot in cases where the node kind is unknown will allow for backward compatibility.

*                                    Examples                                      *

A typical b3d file will contain 1 TEXS chunk, 1 BRUS chunk and 1 NODE chunk, like this:

    ...list of textures...
    ...list of brushes...
    ...stuff in the node...

A simple, non-animating, non-textured etc mesh might look like this:

  1                           ;version
    "root_node"               ;node name
    0,0,0                     ;position
    1,1,1                     ;scale
    1,0,0,0                   ;rotation
    MESH                      ;the mesh
      -1                      ;brush: no brush
      VRTS                    ;vertices in the mesh
        0                     ;no normal/color info in verts
        0,0                   ;no texture coords in verts
        {x,y,z...}            ;vertex coordinates
      TRIS                    ;triangles in the mesh
        -1                    ;no brush for this triangle
        {v0,v1,v2...}         ;vertices

A more complex 'skinned mesh' might look like this (only chunks shown):

  TEXS                        ;texture list
  BRUS                        ;brush list
  NODE                        ;root node
    MESH                      ;mesh - the 'skin'
    ANIM                      ;anim
    NODE                      ;first child of root node -  eg: "pelvis"
      BONE                    ;vertex weights for pelvis
      KEYS                    ;anim keys for pelvis
      NODE                    ;first child of pelvis - eg: "left-thigh"
        BONE                  ;bone
        KEYS                  ;anim keys for left-thigh
      NODE                    ;second child of pelvis - eg: "right-thigh"
        BONE                  ;vertex weights for right-thigh
        KEYS                  ;anim keys for right-thigh

...and so on.
ist es das was du suchst Gernot?

Offline Schranz0r

  • Premium User :)
  • Administrator
  • Prof. Inline
  • *******
  • Posts: 5055
  • O Rly?
    • View Profile
T.ED Terrain Creator Wie Terrain laden?
« Reply #16 on: 2007-Nov-07 »
Kann man nicht machen das GLBasic schaut ob ein 3ds geladen worden ist, wenn ja dann halt die Exe +2 mb mehr ^^ und wenn nein dann ganz normal ....
Aber B3D hmm.... gibts ja auch ne menge exporter für... aber die sache das es Blitz 3D Files sind!!
I <3 DGArray's :D

AMD Ryzen 7 1700 @3.9GHz, 16GB HyperX Fury 3000MHz Ram, ASUS ROG GTX 1060 STRIX 6GB, Windows 10 Pro 64Bit, MSi Tomahawk B350 Mainboard

Offline Kitty Hello

  • code monkey
  • Administrator
  • Prof. Inline
  • *******
  • Posts: 10739
  • here on my island the sea says 'hello'
    • View Profile
T.ED Terrain Creator Wie Terrain laden?
« Reply #17 on: 2007-Nov-07 »
3DS kann man doch konvertieren. Das ist doch kein Thema, oder?